Derelict Gear Removal
What is derelict gear?
Derelict fishing gear includes fishing nets, lines, crab pots, shrimp traps and other equipment that is lost or abandoned in the marine environment. Research has shown that gear can continue to fish indiscriminately even after gear is lost or abandoned. Derelict gear poses problems to marine animals and habitat, human safety, and the economic viability of Puget Sound fisheries (NWSI).
Regional Derelict Gear Removal
In the Northwest Straits region, the Northwest Straits Initiative (NWSI) has conducted extensive derelict gear removal and research to document the impact of derelict gear. As of November 30, 2011, the NWSI has removed 4,081 derelict fishing nets and 2,668 crab pots from Puget Sound. These efforts have restored over 596 acres of critical marine habitat. Derelict gear removal is an ongoing effort. The NWSI estimates that fewer than 500 derelict fishing nets remain in shallow sub-tidal areas but there are an unknown number of nets found in deeper waters of Puget Sound. Click here to learn more about the NWSI derelict gear removal efforts.
Impact of derelict gear
- 12,000 crab pots are lost each year in Puget Sound. These pots trap and kill 178,000 harvestable crabs (Antonelis et. al. 2011).
- The NWSI has found and documented over 241,700 animals entangled in gear. These animals represent more than 240 species. A derelict fishing net removed from Port Susan in June 2008 contained 1,634 animals, including birds, fish, invertebrates, and a harbor seal. The picture at right shows of fraction of the 142 birds removed the net. Click here to learn more about the impacts of derelict gear documented by the NWSI.
In Snohomish County, the MRC focuses on preventing and removing derelict crab pots. The MRC has supported derelict gear removals in an area of Port Gardner that is a common fishing area for commercial, Tribal, and recreational crabbing. Gear removals involve locating derelict gear with sidescan sonar and using trained divers to safely remove the gear. Removals took place within Port Gardner in 2004, 2005, 2008, 2009, and 2011. See the links below for reports on derelict gear removals in Snohomish County.
In May 2011, $50,000 in funding from WDFW resulted in the removal of 143 of the 163 derelict crab pots identified in Port Gardner by sidescan sonar. Click here to view the map of derelict crab pots identified. The majority of these pots accumulated since derelict gear was removed from the project area in 2009. The gear removal was featured on the front page of the Everett Herald on May 13, 2011. Click here to read the article.
The high cost of derelict gear removal emphasizes the value of prevention. The MRC works to prevent crab pot loss through the Recreational Crabber Education Program. In partnership with WSU Snohomish County Extension Beach Watchers, the MRC conducts outreach to local recreational crabbers to reduce the number of recreational crab pots lost in Port Susan, Possession Sound, and Port Gardner. The MRC developed outreach materials that feature best management practices and notes potential hazards that can increase the likelihood of pot loss.
Derelict Gear Removal Reports
Reporting derelict fishing gear
To aid removal efforts, report any gear you lose or derelict gear you encounter using the no-fault reporting system. Click here to report lost gear.